Biochemicals From Plants: Cypripedium - Hypoxis


Listed below are some of the plants in the CEBTech Services Herbarium that have been shown by previous investigators to produce biochemicals that could be of industrial or medical importance.

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Scientific Name Common Name
Biochemicals & Notations
Cypripedium calceolus
Lady Slipper
Cypripedin and an antispasmodic, a nerve medicine, lessens anxiety and restlessness
Delphinium virescens
Larkspur
Delphinine, veatchine, atisine, lycoctonine, anthocyanins, multiple medicinal uses
Descurainia sophia
Herb - Sophia
Seed fats contain erucic acid
Dicentra cucullaria
Dutchman's Breeches
Cularine, stylopine, protopine
Echinacea pallida
Coneflower
Used as an antitumor, anti-viral, and an immunostimulant, also effective against herpes, influenza, and is a wound healer, has been shown to activate reticulo-endothelial layer to increase alpha, beta, and gamma globulin in the formation of antibodies, and to increase the rate of phagocytosis
Elaeagnus angustifolia
Russian Olive
Quebrachitol production
Equisetum laevigatum
Scouring Rush, Horsetail
The silica contained in Horsetail is highly absorbable and is utilized to promote bone growth and collagen formation, has a high content of minerals in general, has been shown to reduce edema in some cases of arthritis, multiple medicinal uses
Eupatorium rugosum
White Snake Root
Produces linoleic acid in seed fats, also known to be poisonous
Euphorbia esula
Leafy Spurge
Seed fats contain linoleic, oleic, linolenic and conjugated polythenoid acids, D-pinitol, L-inositol, euphol
Galium aparine
Cleaver
Produces 2-Methylanthraquinone, multiple medicinal uses
Geranium fremontii
Wild Geranium
Geranyl pyrophosphate, ostruthin, bergamottin, geranylphenols, multiple medicinal uses
Grindelia squarrosa
Gumweed
Linoleic acid in seed fats, grindelol, saponin, tannin, robastic acid, multiple medicinal uses
Hedeoma pulegioides
American Pennyroyal
Cure for headaches, promotes menstruation, used as a stimulant, aromatic, carminative, stomachic
Helianthus maximiliani
Sunflower
Linoleic acid in seed fats, acetylenic aldehydes, terpinoids, ketones and epoxides (17 carbons), multiple medicinal uses
Heracleum lanatum
Cow - Parsnip
Umbelliferone (7-hydroxycoumarin), hydrangin, skimmetin, multiple medicinal uses
Hypoxis hirsuta
Star - Grass
Alkaloids, norbelladine, norpluviine, lycorine, homolycorine, O-Methylnorbelladine, tazettine, narwedine, galanthamine

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Craig Bremmon
CEBTech Services
503 11 th Ave. SE, Suite 5
Aberdeen, SD 57401

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