Biochemicals From Plants: Achillea - Corydalis


Listed below are some of the plants in the CEBTech Services Herbarium that have been shown by previous investigators to produce biochemicals that could be of industrial or medical importance.

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Scientific Name Common Name
Biochemicals & Notations
Achillea millefolium
Yarrow, Azulene
Proazulene, L-viburnitol, azulene, used as a wound medicine, used to treat burns, ulcers, mild tranquilizer, effective local anesthetic
Alisma subcordatum
Water-Plantain
As of yet undetermined biochemicals
Amaranthus retroflexus
Pigweed, Red Root, Green Amaranth
Betacyanins, multiple medicinal uses
Amorpha canescens
Lead-Plant
Pinitol
Anemone canadensis
Windflower, Anemone
Protanemonin, anemonin, acts as sedative, lowers blood pressure, stimulates gallbladder, relaxes smooth muscle of gut, allays pain, lowers fever, very effective in treating amoebic dysentery, multiple medicinal uses
Apocynum sibiricum
Spreading Dogbain, Indian Hemp
Cardiac glycosides, cymarine, strophanthidin, adonitoxin, multiple medicinal uses
Arabis hirsuta
Rock Cress
Thioglucosides
Arenaria lateriflora
Sandwort
Pinitol
Arisaema triphyllum
Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Indian turnip
Multiple medicinal uses
Asarum canadensis
Wild Ginger
Genus has antifungal properties, multiple medicinal uses
Asclepias syriaca
Milkweed
Palmitoleic acid, cis-vaccenic acid in seeds, linoleic acid in seeds, nicotine, Kapok replacement, latex, rubber substitute
Aster alpigenous
Alpine Aster
Acetylenic alcohols (with 10 carbons)
Athyrium filix-femia
Lady Fern
p-aspidin, albaspidin, margaspidin, methylenebisaspidinol, desaspiden
Bidens coronata
Begger Ticks
Acetylenic hydrocarbons, alcohols, thiophenes (12-13 carbons), 5-methyl-5'-butadienyl-2,2'-dithienyl
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Shepard's Purse
S-methyl-L-cysteine, antitumor activity, anti-inflammatory, prevent duodenal ulcer, inhibit some bacteria, hemostatic properties
Caragana arborescens
Caragana
Dimethylhomopterocarpin, (-)-maackiain, (-)-variabilin, (+)-pisatin
Convolvulus arvensis
Bindweed
The aglycone; scopoletin, chrysatropic acid, gelseminic acid
Corydalis aurea
Corydalis
Corypalline, protopine, stylopine, tetrahydropalmatin, multiple medicinal uses

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Craig Bremmon
CEBTech Services
503 11 th Ave. SE, Suite 5
Aberdeen, SD 57401

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Phone: 605 226-3595
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Fax: 605 226-3595