Trifolium repens

Trifolium repens

Trifolium repens, White clover, (Fabaceae, the Bean Family), to 3 dm in height, white flowers w/red lower rays, habitat: native of Eurasia; planted and escaped to lawns, road ditches, waste places, throughout temperate N. America (102, 103).

White clover has been used for coughs, colds, and fevers, in asthma compounds, for urinary tract infections, and for kidney disease. Externally, it has been used as an eyewash, a wash for liver spots and athlete's foot. An alcoholic tincture of white clover has been added to ointments to relieve the pain of gout. White clover contains coumarins, which may interact with prescription blood thinners such as warfarin, to reduce clotting time (88).

It is known to produce linamarin (C10H17NO6) and lotaustralin (174, 238).


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Trillium cernuum

Trillium cernuum

Trillium cernuum, Trillium, (Liliaceae, the Lily Family), 2-4 dm in height, white flowers, habitat: moist or wet woods of N. Eastern throughout N. Central N. America (102, 103).

Trillium roots traditionally have been used to stop uterine, respiratory tract, and urinary tract bleeding, and externally for skin problems. American Indians used roots for uterine bleeding, as an aid in childbirth, and for other gynecological problems, and externally as a poultice on boils (88).

It produces steroidal saponins that can be used as precursors in cortisone synthesis (238).


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