Echinacea pallida, Coneflower, (Compositae, the Composite Family), 1-10 dm in height, pink-light violet floral rays, habitat: principally on the great plains of the U.S. (102, 103).
Traditionally Echinacea has been used to treat herpes, influenza, snake bites, toothaches, colds, burns, enlarged glands, headaches and was used as a wound healer (88, 239, 267).
Current pharmacology indicates Echinacea can activate the reticulo-endothelial layers to increase the production of alpha, beta, and gamma globulins (the formation of antibodies). It has been shown to possess antitumor, anti-viral, and immunostimulant characteristics. It can increase the rate of phagocytosis, and has powerful antibacterial properties. No one has identified a single active compound that is responsible for the Coneflower's medicinal actions. (88, 239, 267).
Elaeagnus angustifolia, Russian Olive, (Elaeganaceae, the Oleaster Family), small tree to 7 m in height, yellow flowers, habitat: planted for ornament and escaped along streams in Central and Western U.S. (102, 103).
It has been shown to produce quebrachitol (238).
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